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Zmeus. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Zmeus (ZEE-muse)

A vampiric race of giants with scaly tails from the lore of southeastern Europe, the Zmeus collect the ears from their victims to eat. Born the children of ZMÉIOACA, the Zmeus have the psychic ability to drain the life-force from their victims at a distance (see ENERGY VAMPIRE).

Source: Bunson, Encyclopedia of Vampires, 285; Senn, Were-wolf and Vampire in Romania, 41

Змеус (Зимус, Змеи)

В преданиях юго-восточной Европы есть змеусы — вампирическая раса гигантов с чешуйчатыми хвостами, собирающие для еды уши своих жертв. Змеусы, дети Змеюки, обладают экстрасенсорной способностью на расстоянии вытягивать жизненную силу из своих жертв (смотри «Энергетический вампир»).

Источники: Bunson, «Encyclopedia of Vampires», 285; Senn, «Were-wolf and Vampire in Romania», 41

Zméioaca. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн


Zméioaca is a vampiric creature from the lore in southeastern Europe. She is the mother of the ZMEUS, a race of blood-drinking giants.

Source: Bunson, Encyclopedia of Vampires


Змеюка — вампирическое существо из преданий юго-восточной Европы. Она мать змеусов — расы гигантов-кровопийц.

Источник: Bunson, «Encyclopedia of Vampires»

Zemu. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Zemu (Zem-OO)
Variations: Zmeu

In the Moldavia region of Romania there is a vampiric spirit similar to an INCUBUS that is known as a zemu. It is the only vampire that does not cast a reflection in a mirror. Similar to the ZBURATOR, the zemu looks like a flame. At night this highly skilled lover visits young girls and widows, shape-shifting into the guise of a handsome young man. It then has sexual intercourse with them, stealing away their life-energy (see ENERGY VAMPIRE). In Transylvanian lore the zemu uses its shape-shifting abilities to change into a lovely young woman in order to seduce shepherds, much like a SUCCUBUS.

Both fast and strong, the zemu has an array of abilities that enables it to be a very successful predator, such as being able to cause hallucinations, desolidification, flight, and shape-shifting into a cloud of dust and mist.

Preventing a zemu from attacking is as simple as hanging a wreath of aconite over the bedroom windows, as this will prevent it from entering. Not particularly given to violence, despite its strength, the zemu can be killed if dealt an otherwise fatal blow with a silver weapon or longterm exposure to direct sunlight.

Source: Dundes, Vampire Casebook, 28; Florescu, Complete Dracula, 374; Jackson, Compleat Vampyre; Riccardo, Liquid Dreams, 49

Zburator. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Zburator (ZOO-bah-rat-or)
The zburator (“the flying thing”) is a vampiric creature from Romanian lore, similar to an INCUBUS. Described as a winged and handsome young man with black eyes and HAIR, it looks like a shooting star as it flies across the sky. At night, the zburator visits young girls and women, has sexual intercourse with them, and drains off some of their life-energy with each visit, leaving them ill, pale, and thin (see ENERGY VAMPIRE). It is easily repelled by leaving a clove of GARLIC on the windowsill.

Source: Lecouteux, History of Vampires; Mackenzie, Dracula Country, 92; Magyar Tudományos Akadémia, Acta Ethnographica Hungarica, 322

Yukshee. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Yukshee (YUC-she)

Yukshee is a singular and specific vampiric demon from the Hindu lore of India and she is the most beautiful and sexually insatiable of all the succubi (see SUCCUBUS). If a man has survived an encounter with her, he will be rendered impotent for the rest of his life, as she will have consumed all of his sex drive (see ENERGY VAMPIRE).

Source: Edwardes, The Jewel in the Lotus, 108; Riccardo, Liquid Dreams, 51; Tyson, Sexual Alchemy, 10


Юкши — конкретная и особенная вампирическая демоница в преданиях индийского индуизма, и она самая красивая и ненасытная из суккубов. Если мужчина переживет столкновение с ней, он станет импотентом на всю оставшуюся жизнь, так как она поглотит все его сексуальное влечение (смотри «Энергетический вампир»).

Источники: Edwardes, «The Jewel in the Lotus», 108; Riccardo, «Liquid Dreams», 51; Tyson, «Sexual Alchemy», 10

Yuki Ona. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Yuki Ona (OO-key OWN-ah)
Variation: Yuki Onna, Yuki-Onne

In Japanese lore there is a type of vampiric spirit known as a yuki ona (“snow woman”). It levitates rather than walks and appears to its victims as a tall and beautiful woman with impossibly long HAIR and inhumanly pale skin. Sometimes a yuki ona will show itself wearing a pure white kimono, but other times it will appear in the nude. On occasion, it will be holding a child in its arms. A yuki ona is perfectly camouflaged against a snowy backdrop, and combined with its ability to shape-shift into a cloud of mist or falling snow, it can be impossible to find.

The yuki ona is only active in the winter months as its hunting methods require. It will lead travelers astray, assuring they die from exposure or by breathing on them with its icy breath to make sure they meet the same death, but more quickly. It will appear before parents who are looking for their child; the yuki ona will seem to be holding it, beckoning for them to come and claim it. As soon as they do, taking it into their arms, the yuki ona turns them into ice. It has also been known to be aggressive, and although under normal circumstance it must be invited into a home, it will burst into a person’s home by sending a gust of icy wind, freezing the occupants, especially the sleeping ones, to death. Not afraid to uses it beauty as a lure, it will tempt men into having sexual intercourse with it, and all the while the yuki ona will drain them of their lifeenergy, pleasuring them until they die (see ENERGY VAMPIRE). When it wishes it, one look into its eyes will cause a person to go insane. With each death it causes, it absorbs the life-energy of its victims.

Yezer Ha-Ra. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Yezer Ha-Ra (YEEZHR HA-Rah)

A vampiric demon from Hebrew lore, the Yezer Ha-Ra (“the evil inclination in man’s nature from birth”) only attacks worshippers as they exit the synagogue on Friday nights. It possesses a person’s body and drains away his life-energy over a period of some time until the victim dies or the vampire has been successfully exorcised by a rabbi (see ENERGY VAMPIRE). As long as the demon remains in the person’s body, it will also be harassing its victim by sending him explicit and intense lustful thoughts.

Source: Curran, Vampires, 100; Ma’aseh Book, 279-300; Macdonell, Vedic Reader for Students, 245

Езер Ха-Ра

Езер Ха-ра («прирожденные злые склонности человека») — вампирический демон из ивритских преданий, нападает только на верующих, когда они выходят из синагоги в пятницу вечером. Он овладевает телом человека и некоторое время вытягивает его жизненную силу, пока жертва не умрет или вампир не будет изгнан раввином (смотри «Энергетический вампир»). Пока демон остается в теле человека, он не даст покоя своей жертве, посылая ей явные и очень сильные похотливые мысли.

Источники: Curran, «Vampires», 100; «Ma’aseh Book», 279-300; Macdonell, «Vedic Reader for Students», 245

Yatu Dhana. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Yatu Dhana (YA-too DA-han-ah)

Yatu dhana is the name of the vampiric behavior that is displayed by the sorcerers who work in conjunction with the vampiric race of demons known as RAKSHASAS. When these sorcerers consume the flesh of the human remains that the RAKSHASAS leave behind, they are committing yatu dhana.

Source: Bryant, Handbook of Death, 99; Macdonell, Vedic Mythology, 163; Shendge, Civilized Demons, 125

Яту-Дхана (Яту)

Яту-дхана — название вампирического поведения, которое демонстрируют колдуны, работающие в союзе с вампирической расой демонов, известных как ракшасы. Когда эти колдуны поглощают плоть человеческих останков, оставленных ракшасами, они совершают яту-дхану*.

Источники: Bryant, «Handbook of Death», 99; Macdonell, «Vedic Mythology», 163; Shendge, «Civilized Demons», 125

Yasha. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Yasha (YA-sha)
Variations: Yakkha, Yaksa, Yashi

The yasha is a vampiric creature from Japan. Looking like a vampire bat, it is in fact the reincarnated form of a woman who was filled with anger in her past life.

Source: Bush, Asian Horror Encyclopedia, 207; Chopra, Dictionary of Mythology, 310; Smith, Ancient Tales and Folklore, 217

Варианты: Яккха, Якса, Яси

Яся — вампирическое существо из Японии. Оно похоже на летучую мышь-вампира, но фактически это форма реинкарнировавшей женщины, которая в прошлой жизни была переполнена гневом*.

Источники: Bush, «Asian Horror Encyclopedia», 207; Chopra, «Dictionary of Mythology», 310; Smith, «Ancient Tales and Folklore», 217

Yara-Ma-Yha-Who. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Yara-Ma-Yha-Who (YA-rah-MA-YAWHO)

Australia’s premier vampiric creature, the yara-ma-yha-who, looks like a short, red-skinned man with an exceptionally large head and mouth and suckers on its fingers and toes. What is most unusual about this vampire is that it has no teeth whatsoever. It dislikes sunlight and prefers to spend its daylight hours in caves near a water source. An ambush predator, the yara-ma-yha-who hides in the branches of fig trees and attacks anyone who walks underneath it. It grabs him up and, using the suckers on its fingers and toes, drains the blood from its victims. When it is finished, it swallows the body whole. A short while later it will vomit the person back up, whole and alive. A person who is repeatedly attacked by the yara-ma-yha-who will gradually become shorter and shorter until he is the creature’s size. Then he will start to grow HAIR all over his body and become a yara-ma-yha-who himself.

The spirit of the fig tree can kill a yara-ma-yha-who by climbing into its ear and making a noise that causes the vampire’s own soul to flee its body in the form of tree fungus.

Source: Harrap, Myths and Legends, 342; Reed, Aboriginal Fables, 142-144; Rose, Giants, Monsters and Dragons, 403-444; Smith, Myths and Legends of the Australian Aboriginals, 342-344