Черновик

Rakshasas. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т.Бэйн

Rakshasas (RAK-sha-sa)
Variations: Ramayana

In the Hinduism that is practiced in India there is a vampiric race of demons known as the rakshasas, created by Brahma to protect the ocean from those who sought to steal the secret Elixir of Immortality. They are part human and part animal, but the human-to-animal ratio varies widely depending on the source being cited. Most often the animal mix is tiger. The Vedas, a Hindu religious text, describes the beings as having five legs and a body completely covered in blood. Modern descriptions of rakshasas add that they have fangs and the ability to use magic.

When not protecting the Elixir of Immortality, the rakshasas live in the treetops; however, they will often wander in cemeteries where they will disrupt services and religious incantations. When hunting for humans to feed upon, the male of the species will stay up in the treetops and wait for its favorite prey to pass underneath: infants or pregnant women. Then, the rakshasas will vomit down onto them, killing them. Female rakshasas, called rakshasis, have the ability to shape-shift into beautiful women, and in that guise will lure men off to a discreet location in order to attack them, draining them of their blood.

There is a belief that if a child can be persuaded to eat human brains, it will transform into this vampiric creature. A type of sorcerer exists that follows the rakshasas’ activities closely, as they will consume the uneaten remains of a rakshasas kill. This act is called YATU DHANA.

Rakshasas can be killed if an exorcism is performed on them, but prolonged exposure to sunlight or burning them to ash works as well.

Source: Crooke, Introduction to the Popular Religion, 124, 154-158, 234, 320; Knapp, Machine, Metaphor, and the Writer, 161-162, 171; Pattanaik, Indian Mythology, 79, 86, 90-96

Punyaiama. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Punyaiama (Pom-AH-ya-ma)
Variations: VETALA

In the Bihar and Orissa regions of India there is the belief in a vampiric creature called a punyaiama (“pure race”). It is described as looking like an old woman with black skin, poisonous fingernails, and slitted eyes. It is usually covered in the ashes from funeral pyres, as that is where it sleeps during the day. At night, the punyaiama attacks lone travelers as they walk down quiet roads. It also climbs up to the roof of a house and feeds a magical string down the home’s chimney. The thread is enchanted to find sleeping women or women who are passed out drunk, insert itself into their skin, and feed blood back up to the waiting punyaiama. The vampire also has the ability to possess a corpse, and when it does so, the corpse’s feet distort and bend backward.

Source: Kosambi, Introduction to the Study of Indian History, 35–45; Saletore, Indian Witchcraft, 83; Volta, The Vampire, 151

Pumapmicuc. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Pumapmicuc (Poo-ma-MIC-coo)
Variations: CANCHUS, Rumapmicuc

In ancient Peruvian lore, there was a sect of vampiric devil worshipers called pumapmicuc. They slipped into a home, found a sleeping child, and drank some of its blood, taking with them some of the child’s life (see ENERGY VAMPIRE).

Source: de Molina, Narratives of the Rites, 83, 89, 114; McNally, In Search of Dracul, 117; Ralston, Russian Folktales, 311–28; Trumbull, The Blood Covenant, 115

Пумапмикук (Пумамикук)
Варианты: канчусы, Румапмикук

В древних преданиях Перу существовала секта вампирических дьяволопоклонников, называемая пумапмикук. Они проникали в дом, находили спящего ребенка и выпивали немного его крови, забирая с собой часть жизни ребенка (см. энергетический вампир).

Источник: de Molina, Narratives of the Rites, 83, 89, 114; McNally, In Search of Dracul, 117; Ralston, Russian Folktales, 311–28; Trumbull, The Blood Covenant, 115

Procolici. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Procolici (PRO-cal-lee-chee)
Variations: Pryccolitch, TRICCOLITCH

Another vampiric werewolf from Romanian lore, the procolici is a man who has the ability to shape-shift into a wolf by spinning in a circle three times. In his wolf form he will then hunt for animals and the occasional human to attack to drain dry of blood.

Source: Maberry, Vampire Universe, 251; Perkowski, Vampires of the Slavs

Проколич (Прокаличи)
Варианты: приколитч, трикколитч

Другой вампирический оборотень из румынский преданий, проколич — человек, способный превращаться в волка, три раза повернувшись по кругу. В форме волка он будет охотится на животных и случайных людей, которых будет атаковать, чтобы выпить их кровь досуха.

Источник: Maberry, Vampire Universe, 251; Perkowski, Vampires of the Slavs

Priculics. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Priculics (PRAY-co-lics)
Variations: PRICCOLITSCH, Prikolotsch, Varcolaci

In the geographic and historic region of Romania that was once Wallachia, there is the lore of a vampiric were-creature called a priculics (“wolf coat”). By day it passes as a handsome young man, but at night it has the ability to shape-shift into a large and shaggy black dog. In its animal form it will attack anyone it encounters, draining his of his blood.

Source: Baskin, Sorcerer’s Handbook, 88; Leland, Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling, 65; Masters, Natural History of the Vampire, 93; Perkowski, The Darkling, 40

Прикуликс (Прэйколикс)
Варианты: приколич, приколоч, варколаки

В географическом и историческом регионе Румынии, который когда-то был Валахией, есть предания о вампирическом оборотне, который назывался прикуликс («волчья шкура»). Днем он выглядит как красивый молодой человек, но ночью у него есть способность превщаться в большую и косматую черную собаку. В своей животной форме он нападает на любого, с кем сталкивается, выпивая его кровь.

Источник: Baskin, Sorcerer’s Handbook, 88; Leland, Gypsy Sorcery and Fortune Telling, 65; Masters, Natural History of the Vampire, 93; Perkowski, The Darkling, 40

Pricolic, Wolf. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Pricolic, Wolf (PRAY-co-lic)

In Romania, in addition to the vampiric REVENANT that is called a PRICOLIC, there is a vampiric creature that is called a pricolic, but it is born of an incestuous relationship and has a tail. This person has the ability to shape-shift into a dog, although as to whether this is a given talent or something that was gifted to the pricolic by the devil remains to be answered. While in his dog form, the pricolic mingles in the company of wolves. The person will find that it begins to spend more and more time in its other form, until eventually, one day, it shape-shifts into a wolf and, giving in to its wanderlust, joins a pack. To prevent it from attacking family and livestock, the pricolic can be kept at bay by leaving offerings of food for it to eat.

Source: Melton, The Vampire Book

Pricolic, Undead. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Pricolic, Undead (PRAY-co-lic)

A vampiric REVENANT from Romania, a pricolic is created when a child dies before it was baptized; however, if a person intentionally burns a porridge spoon or sweeps dust from the home out a doorway and into the setting sun, then when he dies, he will join the pricolici (as they are collectively called).

Upon rising from the dead, a pricolic will attack members of its family before moving on to other victims. If a person is suspected of being this type of vampire, his body must be exhumed. If the corpse is found to be facedown in its grave and blood is on its lips, then the person is a vampire. There is no known way to destroy this vampire, but there is a method that will prevent it from continuing to kill people. Some of the blood must be taken from the vampire’s lips and administered to the remaining family members, thus preventing the pricolic from attacking them.

Source: Melton, The Vampire Book

Priccolitsch. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Priccolitsch (PRAY-co-litch)
Variations: PRICULICS, Prikolotsch

In Romanian lore, there is a man, typically a shepherd, who is a type of vampiric werewolf called a priccolitsch. He has the ability to change into a bloodthirsty wolf and then attacks his own flock, draining them of their blood.

Source: Abbott, Macedonian Folklore, 217; Chambers’ Encyclopaedia, 708; Greene, International Cyclopedia, 804; Summers, The Werewolf, 147; Tozer, Researches in the Highlands of Turkey, 83

Приколич (Прайколитч)
Варианты: Прикуликс, Приколоч

В румынских преданиях есть мужчина, обычно пастух, который является разновидностью вампирического волка-оборотня, известного как приколич. У него есть способность превращаться в кровожадного волка, а затем нападать на собственное стадо, высасывая их кровь.

Источник: Abbott, Macedonian Folklore, 217; Chambers’ Encyclopaedia, 708; Greene, International Cyclopedia, 804; Summers, The Werewolf, 147; Tozer, Researches in the Highlands of Turkey, 83

Preta. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Preta (Par-EE-ta)

The preta (“morbid”) is a vampiric spirit from India. It appears as a fresh corpse whose stomach is bloated and large but its mouth has shriveled up, leaving only a small opening. Walking the earth lost and hungry for human blood, the Buddhist faith sees the preta’s condition as a fitting punishment for a person who had too many desires in life.

Source: Crooke, Introduction to the Popular Religion, 153; Daniélou, Myths and Gods of India, 27, 213, 301, 311; Turner, Dictionary of Ancient Deities, 184

Прета (Парита)

Прета («болезненный») — вампирический дух из Индии. Он выглядит как свежий труп, живот которого раздутый и большой, но рот сжат в крошечное отверстие. Бродящих по земле, потерянных и жаждущих человеческой крови прет буддийская вера рассматривает как достойное наказание для человека, в жизни которого было слишком много желаний.

Источник: Crooke, Introduction to the Popular Religion, 153; Daniélou, Myths and Gods of India, 27, 213, 301, 311; Turner, Dictionary of Ancient Deities, 184

Prêt. Статья из "Энциклопедии вампирской мифологии" Т. Бэйн

 
Prêt (PRET)
Variations: Bhoot, Bhot, Jakhh, Kinner

In India, the soul of a male deformed or stillborn child will return as a vampiric spirit called a prêt, or a paret if a female. When it returns, the prêt is no larger than a person’s thumb, but it carries disease with it as it is compelled to wander the earth aimlessly for the next year, in a state of sorrow over not having its body any longer. It will gravitate to cemeteries, cremation grounds, and dark places. If food offerings are left for it and it is otherwise left alone, the prêt will remain nonviolent. After a year of sorrow, it will dissipate.

Source: Angoff, Parapsychology and Anthropology, 229; Crooke, Introduction to the Popular Religion, 153; Crooke, Religion and Folklore of Northern India, 185; Smith, Self Possessed, 113

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